Sutherlands cleared from the
David Sutherland b.1719 was descended from the Sutherlands
of Forse and Langwell. David's daughter Catherine b.1745 married
James Sutherland b.1740. James was the grandson of his namesake
James, the miller of Ausdale. They had 3 daughters and 2 sons.
The daughters were Elizabeth (Betty) and Jane and Charlotte. The
sons were William born 1784 and John (Badbea) born 1788 at Ausdale.
This Sutherland family was cleared from Ausdale to Badbea in
1804 by James
Anderson whilst he leased
the land at an annual rent of £600. The tack of this part
of the Langwell Estate had previously been held for a short time
by Captain Walter Gray.
The father of this Sutherland
family does not seem to have arrived with them, which left John
aged 16 and his brother Donald aged 20 with the responsibility
of their mother and 3 sisters. Six years later his brother Donald
left for Waterloo
where he was to die aged 31 - see details below. In 1807 John's
sister Jane married Robert Sutherland to whom she had a child,
Catherine, born 1811. Jane and Robert later died. Their orphaned
little daughter, Catherine b.1811, was taken to Badbea where she
was cared for by her uncle John. Later, Catherine cared for John
in his old age.
John's uncle, William
Sutherland married Catherine Sutherland b.1756, whose first
husband John Sinclair had died when their only child Marion was
about 10. William and Catherine's children were as follows: Christina
born 1798 Caithness, Margaret born around 1800, John b.1802, Esther
born c1803; Malcolm c1804 and Alexander Robertson born 1807 Caithness.
Both parents died the same year in 1810, leaving orphaned young
children who found their way to William's nephew John Sutherland,
the children's half-brother and William's son David Sutherland
to his first marriage to Christian Finalyson, and their half sister
Marion Gunn first daughter of Catherine Sinclair, nee Sutherland,
all living at Badbea. Marion was in Edinburgh with her husband
John and returned in 1810 to Badbea.
John Sutherland b.1788, became the famous minister John of Badbea. He
took the young Alexander under his wing and over the years
taught him farming, reading and writing.
Alexander Robertson Sutherland afterwards emigrated to New Zealand on the
in 1839 and prospered in the land of his adoption but he never
forgot the lessons he was taught at the knees of John Badbea.
He was honoured and respected while he lived. Alexander died in
New Zealand in 1877 at the age of 71 years. His son David, though
born in New Zealand, visited Badbea in 1901.
David initiated and sponsored the
building of the Badbea monument we see today.
As the years passed by trouble with France appeared imminent and incentives for young men to join the King's forces grew more attractive as conditions in the Highlands grew from bad to desperate. Those who enlisted from Badbea and its immediate neighbourhood included: Neil MacLeod; Angus Bruce; Charles Munro, Donald Gunn Jnr, Donald Gunn Snr; (Grandson and son respectively of Alexander Gunn evicted from Langwell in 1793); Donald Sutherland, William Campbell, Hugh Matheson and John Polson. The Donald Sutherland named in the forgoing was the elder brother of John (Badbea) Sutherland. Sutherland was mortally wounded at Waterloo and was carried by Donald Gunn Senior on his back for some three miles from the battle in search of succour." (These items from John O'Groats Journal, though they misnamed Donald Sutherland as William. Christina Baldwin has traced the birth of John's only brother and he was definitely named Donald, correctly inscribed on the Badbea monument.)